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Why are there so many different landlord and tenant acts?

There are a number of different Landlord and Tenant Act. Some examples of these include the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954, Landlord and Tenant Act 1995 and Landlord and Tenant Act 1987. This can often be the source of much confusion especially in light of the close identiy of the names.

There are a number of reasons why there are so many different Landlord and Tenant Acts.

Firstly, each Landlord and Tenant has a different aim. Using the above mentioned Landlord and Tenant Acts as an example, Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 is aimed at business tenancies whereas Landlord and Tenant Act 1995 is aimed at covenants in leases.

Secondly, problems can emerge which the legislature has not anticipated. One such example is the Landlord and Tenant Act 1988. The purpose of this Landlord and Tenant Act is to constrain the right of landlord’s to refused consent where that is required and requested pursuant to a provision in a lease. This was only introduced in light of the increased difficulties tenants were facing from obdurate landlord’s who/which were often refusing for no reason. Common law was reducing this unfettered right of landlord’s. However, this Landlord and Tenant Act consolidated the common law position. This highlights a third reason for the introduction of so many different Landlord and Tenant Act.

Although there are a number of different Landlord and Tenant Act, it must be remembered that they have very different purposes and therefore the different Landlord and Tenant Act should not be confused.

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